Site: Shoumen is located in the northeastern part of Bulgaria 380 km from the capital Sofia and only 90 km from the resort town of Varna. Shoumen has a rich history and every part of its surroundings seems to tell it. Remains of settlements from the Bronze Age have been found at the site.
Story : The city appears as a fortress on the eastern part of the Shoumen plateau, built by the Thracians in the 5th century BC. Later the city was again fortified and developed by the Romans, Byzantines, Bulgarians and Turks. Together with the former Bulgarian capitals Pliska and Preslav during the medieval period, Shoumen was a former Bulgarian fortification, which later expanded as a feudal fortress with many churches and artisan workshops in the city center. Shoumen fell under Ottoman rule in 1388, but in 1444 Vladislav Varnenchik crossed the city with his army and the fortress was demolished by the Turks and the city was moved to its present location at the foot of Ilchev bair (ridge).
Two major hypotheses for the origin of the name exist. Arab and Turkish historians have written about a beautiful city with the name Shimeonis / Simeonis ?? it is considered to be named after Tsar Simeon the Great. The other hypothesis is that the town bears his name, because of the wild flora that surrounds it.
National awakening period: During the renaissance period, Shoumen formed as a great center of craftsmen and commerce, which is a prerequisite for the development of a vibrant cultural life. The first public celebration of the feast of Holy Brothers Cyril and Methodius in Bulgaria took place in the city and the first play was performed here. Many figures of renewal were born in Shoumen and did a lot for the development of the city such as the founder of the Bulgarian theater Vasil Drumev and the revolutionary Panayot Volov. The first cell school for girls, the first symphony orchestra and the first class school for girls were found in the city.
After the liberation Shoumen becomes a regional municipal center. In 1882 the beer factory ?? Shoumensko pivo ?? opened doors in the city, built with Czech investments. The site for the construction of the plant was chosen, due to the unique qualities of the water which gushes out from the Shoumen plateau.
Tourism: The rich cultural and historical heritage of Shoumen and the region, combined with the beauty of nature, are the prerequisites for its development as a first-class tourist center. The monuments of the city are the churches ?? Sveto Vazvisenie ??, ?? Holy Trinity ??, the Armenian church ?? St. Asvizazine ?? (fully Mother), the Tombul Mosque, which is the second largest working Muslim chapel on the Balkan Peninsula. The museum houses the revolutionaries Panayot Volov, Dobri Voinikov, the Hungarian settler Laiosh Koshut and the great Bulgarian composer Pancho Vladigerov.
Historical monuments : Among the architectural monuments is the Clock Tower, the oldest building in Shoumen ?? the Bezisten, Kurshun cheshma (public fountain) and many more. The historical museum preserves discoveries from different eras; you can also climb 1300 steps to reach the iconic monument “1300 years Bulgaria”. The monument is located at the top of the Shoumen Plateau, which offers an incredible view. Artistic and architectural skills show the history of Asparuh Bulgaria in the golden age of Tsar Simeon the Great. Another historical-archaeological reserve ?? Fortress of Shoumen ?? stands proudly atop the Shoumen Plateau. It is one of the best studied archaeological sites in the country. Close to Shoumen are the first and second capital of Bulgaria ?? Pliska and Preslav.
The village of Madara is also located nearby. He welcomes Madara’s only rider ?? relief inscribed on the UNESCO heritage list.
The Shoumen plateau offers a beautiful fauna. The Manu holiday homes, placed on the plateau are privileged places for the holidays. The plateau is a site suitable for many alternative sports such as mountain biking, para-gliding, rock climbing and cave exploration. The unique relief of the Shoumen plateau formed 60 caves. One of them is the âSecret Holeâ, which is one of the deepest in Europe with an incline of 115 meters.
Night life: Shoumen has a lot to offer for lovers of the nightlife. There are several large nightclubs, as well as several smaller nightclubs. Traditional Bulgarian mehanas for foodies are also plentiful.