Hoi An Ancient Town – UNESCO World Heritage Center


Hoi An Ancient Town

The ancient town of Hoi An is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a Southeast Asian trading port dating from the 15th to 19th centuries. Its buildings and street plan reflect the influences, both indigenous and foreign, which have combined to produce this unique heritage site.

The description is available under CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 license

Hoi An Old Town

Hoi An is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a city that was a trading port in Southeast Asia in the 15th century.e in the XIXe century. Its buildings and the layout of its streets generate the indigenous traditions as well as the foreign influences, which gave birth to this unique vestige.

The description is available under CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 license

هوي – القديمة

هوي- الاً ليماً لمدينة لت تجارياً شرق آسيا القرن الخامس ولغاية القرن التاسع عشر. ا ارعها التقاليد المحلية التأثيرات الخارجية التي الى ا الأثر الفريد.

source: UNESCO / ERI

The description is available under CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 license

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会 安 古镇 是 15 世纪 到 19 世纪 东南亚 的 一个 贸易 港 , 是 一个 保存 非常 完好 的 范例。 其 建筑 和 街道 样式 , 受到 本地 和 国外 风格 的 影响 , 土洋结合 的 风格 共同 孕育 出 这个 独特 的 遗址。

source: UNESCO / ERI

The description is available under CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 license

сторический ород Хойан

XV-X. о застройка и планировка сложились од воздействием ак естных традиций, так и пришлых тур, в речтных традиций, так и пришлых тур, в речтн традиций, так и пришлых культур, в речтн традиций, так и пришлых тур, в речетататате

source: UNESCO / ERI

The description is available under CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 license

Ciudad vieja de Hoi An

Hoi An constitutes an exceptional example of lo que fue una ciudad portuaria mercantil del Asia Sudoriental between los siglos XV and XIX. Sus edificios y el trazado de sus calles its a gall reflecting the combination of architectonic estilos, autóctonos y extranjeros, that ha dado su fisionomía singular a este sitio único en su Género.

source: UNESCO / ERI

The description is available under CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 license

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ベ ト ナ ム 中部 、 ク ア ン ナ ム ・ ダ ナ ン 省 中部 、 ト ゥ ボ ン 川 河口 の 都市 。16 世紀末 、 グ エ ン 朝 の 貿易 奨 励 策 に よ り 朱 印 な 国 大 印 な 国 大 な ど 国 大 印 な 国 大 な 国 大 な 国 大 印 な ど 国 大 な ど 国 大 な 国 大 印 な 国 大人 町 も 形成 さ れ た。 に ~ 19 世紀 に お け る 東南 ア ジ ア 貿易 港 の 姿 を よ く と ど め て い る。 最 盛期 に は 1000 人 人 の 日本 い 住者 住者 い 住者 住者 い 住者の (来 遠 橋 、 日本 橋) と 郊外 の 日本人 墓地 に わ ず か に そ の 名 残 を と ど め て い る。 日本 ユ ネ ス コ 協会 連 盟 は 、 町 並 み 保存 に い た。

source: NFUAJ

Oude Hoi An stadium

De oude stad Hoi An is a bijzonder voorbeeld van een traditionele handelshaven in Zuidoost-Azië die volledig en uitzonderlijk goed bewaard is gebleven. Het merendeel van de gebouwen is gebouwd in de traditionele 19th in 20th-eeuwse bouwstijl. Zowel de gebouwen als het stratenplan weerspiegelen inheemse en buitenlandse invloeden. De stad kent veel religieuze gebouwen zoals pagodas, tempels en vergaderhuizen, ontstaan ​​door toedoen van de havengemeenschap in Hoi An. De traditionele levensstijl, godsdienst en (culturele) gewoonten zijn bewaard gebleven en veel plaats vindarl nog steedarl jaksarl.

Source: unesco.nl

Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

The ancient city of Hoi An is located in the central province of Quang Nam in Vietnam, on the north bank, near the mouth of the Thu Bon River. The inscribed property comprises 30 ha and has a buffer zone of 280 ha. This is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a small-scale trading port that was active from the 15th to the 19th century and traded extensively, both with countries in Southeast Asia and in Southeast Asia. ‘East and with the rest of the world. Its decline at the end of the 19th century allowed it to preserve its traditional urban fabric to a remarkable degree.

The city reflects a fusion of indigenous and foreign cultures (mainly Chinese and Japanese with later European influences) which combined to produce this unique survival.

The city comprises a well-preserved complex of 1,107 timber-framed buildings, with brick or timber walls, which include architectural monuments, commercial and domestic vernacular structures, including an open market and ferry dock, and buildings religious buildings such as pagodas and houses of family worship. The houses are tiled and the wooden elements are carved with traditional patterns. They are arranged side by side in tight, unbroken rows along narrow pedestrian streets. There is also the beautiful wooden Japanese bridge, with a pagoda on it, dating from the 18th century. The original street plan, which developed as the city became a port, remains. It includes a grid of streets with one axis parallel to the river and the other axis of streets and alleys perpendicular to it. Typically, buildings face the streets for convenient customer access, while the rear of buildings opens up to the river, making it easier to load and unload cargo from ships.

The surviving wooden structures and street plan are original and intact and together present a traditional 17th and 18th century townscape, the survival of which is unique in the region. The town continues to be occupied to this day and functions as a trading port and trade center. Living heritage reflecting the diverse communities of the city’s indigenous inhabitants, as well as foreigners, has also been preserved and continues to be passed on. The ancient city of Hoi An remains an exceptionally well-preserved example of a Far Eastern port.

Criterion (ii): Hoi An is an exceptional material manifestation of the fusion of cultures over time in an international trading port.

Criterion (v): Hoi An is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a traditional Asian trading port.

Integrity

The ancient city of Hoi An has retained its original form and function as an outstanding example of a well-preserved traditional trading port and Southeast Asian trading hub. It remains complete as a homogeneous complex of traditional wooden buildings, with the original organically developed street plan, in the original setting of the city’s river / coastline.

These original cultural and historical features demonstrate the Outstanding Universal Value of the town and are present, well preserved and evident within the boundaries of the inscribed property, although it continues to be occupied and function as a commercial port, as well. than a popular tourist spot. destination. Due to this economic stagnation since the 19e century, it has not suffered from development and there has been no pressure to replace old wooden buildings with new ones made of modern materials. This has allowed the city to retain its traditional urban fabric and to be preserved in remarkably intact condition.

Authenticity

Hoi An Old Town has retained its traditional wooden architecture and cityscape in terms of plot size, materials, facade and roof line. Its original street plan, with buildings backing onto the river, with its infrastructure of quays, canals and bridges in its original setting, also remains. The historic landscape setting is also intact, consisting of a coastal environment of river, seaside, dunes and islands.

As most of the buildings were constructed from wood, it is necessary that they be repaired at regular intervals, and so many buildings with basic structures from the 17th and 18th centuries were renovated in the 19th century, using repair methods traditional. There is currently no pressure to replace old buildings with new ones made from modern materials such as concrete and corrugated iron.

Protection and mmanagement requirements

Hoi An Old Town was listed as a National Cultural Heritage Site in 1985, and then as a Special National Cultural Heritage Site under the Cultural Heritage Law of 2001 as amended in 2009. The whole city is owned. state and is effectively protected by a number of relevant national laws. government laws and decisions, such as: Cultural Heritage Law (2001, amended 2009) and Tourism Law (2005). The Hoi An City Statute of 1997 defines in the regulations which are implemented by the Hoi An Center for the Management and Preservation of Monuments, the responsible agency of the People’s Committee for the management of the property. Day-to-day management involves collaboration with various stakeholders, to maintain the authenticity and integrity of the property and to monitor socio-economic activities in and near the property. The capacity of professional staff has been and continues to be developed through numerous national and international training courses. Entrance ticket revenues are directly invested in the management, preservation and promotion of the property. Management and preservation are further strengthened by a master plan and action plans at the local level. There are also regular restoration and conservation programs.

Multidisciplinary research carried out by teams of international and national academics has shed light on the conservation and interpretation of the city’s heritage. This research is in progress. Within the boundaries of the property, the landscape, townscape, architecture and all material cultural artefacts are preserved.

A management plan was implemented at the time of the nomination of the property, and is kept up to date and revised as required by UNESCO to ensure that it remains effective.

The buffer zone is managed to protect the property from external threats. Potential negative effects on the property caused by annual flooding and urbanization are effectively controlled with the active participation of all authorities and the local community.

The master plan for the conservation, restoration and promotion of the ancient city of Hoi An as well as the development of the city and tourism was approved by the Prime Minister on January 12, 2012, covered the period until 2025.

Long-term management must aim to promote the improvement of the living conditions of local residents. As tourism increases, a strategy to manage it in site settings will be needed. Strategies to deal with adverse climate effects are being developed and should be included in the management plan.

In the future, the goal is to connect the ancient city of Hoi An with the adjacent UNESCO Cu Lao Cham Biosphere Reserve and make Hoi An a community integrating ecology, culture and tourism.

About John A. Provost

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